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A cycloalkane is an alkane that has one or more rings of carbon atoms in its chemical structure.

Properties[]

The physical properties of cycloalkanes are generally similar to other alkanes. However, due to ring shape there is a larger area of contact between individual molecules giving them stronger [induced dipole-dipole] forces than straight-chain alkanes. As a result, cycloalkanes have slightly higher boiling points, melting points and densities than their straight-chain equivalents. Because they only contain carbon-carbon and carbon-hydrogen bonds, they fairly unreactive.

Examples[]

Cyclopropane[]

Cyclopropane skeletal

Cyclopropane.

3 carbon cycloalkane.

Cyclobutane[]

4 carbon cycloalkane.

Cyclopentane[]

Cyclopentane skeletal

Cyclopentane.

5 carbon cycloalkane.

Cyclohexane[]

Cyclohexane skeletal

Cyclohexane.

6 carbon cycloalkane.

Cycloheptane[]

7 carbon cycloalkane.

Cyclooctane[]

8 carbon cycloalkane.

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